Itâ€™s Not Just About Fear, Bibi, Itâ€™s About Hopelessness
by Nomika Zion, with an introduction by Avishai Margalit
The following statement was written during the Israeli bombing of the Gaza Strip in late November by Nomika Zion, a member of Migvan, an urban kibbutz in Sderot, the Israeli city about a mile from the Gaza Strip border that has been a primary target of rockets launched from Gaza since the second intifada started in 2000. In 2008, fifty rockets a day hit Sderot, and in late December 2008 Israel launched Operation Cast Lead, leading to three weeks of armed conflict in Gaza.
The Migvan urban kibbutz was founded in 1987 by a relatively small group, most of whose members had been raised in the agricultural kibbutz movement. The first wave of residents of Sderot, which now has more than 24,000 people, came in the 1950s and was largely made up of Moroccans. A second wave came in the 1990s from the Soviet Union and from Ethiopia.
The members of the urban kibbutz in Sderot lead a communal life, handing over their incomes to a common pool that is divided equally between the families, whatever their contribution. They run a successful business providing high-tech services; according to the members, they do this and other work because it is personally fulfilling, and financial profit is not a priority.
Nomika Zion, who was raised in a rural kibbutz, is the granddaughter of Yaâ€™akov Hazan, a leader of Mapam, the United Workers Party. A well-known figure in the history of Israelâ€™s labor movement, he was committed to the idea of the kibbutz as a rural way of life. Nomika Zion is one of the founders of Migvan and a member of Other Voice (2008), a grassroots organization of citizens from Sderot and the region who call for a nonviolent solution to the ongoing conflict. Her letter to Benjamin (Bibi) Netanyahu translated here was first posted on the Web.
Sderot, November 22, 2012
This wasnâ€™t my war, Bibi, and neither was the previous cursed war: not in my name, and not in the cause of my security. Neither were the boastful, theatrical assassinations of Hamas military chief Ahmed al-Jabari in November, and Hamas leader Abdel Aziz Rantisi in 2004, and Hamas founder Sheikh Yassin, and Al-Kaysi, and Shahada and Ayashâ€”wicked as they wereâ€”these were done neither on my behalf nor for my security. Neither was the litany of Israeli military operations, packaged in deceitful language in order to soften the depths of their destructiveness: not Rainbow (2004), or First Rain (2005), or Hot Winter (2008), or Summer Rain (2006), or Cast Lead (2009), or the recent Pillar of Cloud.1
Never have I felt an ounce of security or peace when our planes passed over the skies of Sderot at night en route to Gaza to â€ścrush the head of the snakeâ€ť of whichever senior or junior leader has been targeted, and whoever else happened to accidentally be in the way. I didnâ€™t feel safer when two hundred homes were flattened on a cold winter night in 2004, leaving two thousand refugees without shelter; when the Gaza power station was bombed, leaving half a million people without electricity. I gained no sense of tranquility when the bulldozers razed homes, sweeping up fields, orchards, and chicken coops; when tanks fired without pause, when sonic booms went off over and over, rattling windows and sowing terror. And not since the siege placed on Gaza, not when the authorities have been trying to come up with scientific calculations for the number of calories a Gazan needs just in order to survive. And certainly not in â€śthe mother of all operations,â€ť Cast Lead, when a squadron of helicopters killed eighty-nine young men at a police academy. (How does it feel, in a matter of three minutes and five missiles, to take out eighty-nine young men?) And not since tens of thousands of homes were pounded, infrastructure crushed, and bodies lined up, row by row, children without names, youths with no faces, citizens without an identity. There are a thousand and one ways to suppress violence by means of violence but not one of them has ever succeeded in annihilating it.
Now, letâ€™s see, what have we gained in return? More Qassam rockets, more destruction, more terror, more fear, more blood, more hatred, more lust for vengeance, a deeper loss of faith. All included. Each time, it is deeper; each time, it is less reversible. Every citizen of Sderot knows that when he hears the planes flying overhead, en route to Gaza, he must brace for the coming barrage of rocket fire. Every resident of Sderot knows that when we set out on the next military operation, Sderot will be completely overtaken by a state of emergency. Only this time it has become a nationwide mania.
Itâ€™s hard to explain to people who donâ€™t live here what further escalation means to the people of Sderot, and the surrounding region, what it means to live in a war zone constantly. Itâ€™s easier to endure three weeks of war than to survive a never-ending conflict. Itâ€™s the continuum, the passing years, the cumulative experience, the resurfacing anxieties, the trauma with no post-trauma.
This is the â€śmusic of warâ€ť that orchestrates our lives when the planes, helicopters, bombs, and missiles scratch our ears and our souls. Itâ€™s the music of war that follows you to the bathroom, accompanies you to work, rushes in with you for a hasty shower, and puts you to bed in your clothes, just in case there is a siren and you will need to jump out of bed in the great rush to take shelter ahead of the next incoming missile.
Itâ€™s the again and again and again. Itâ€™s the over and over and over, and always more of the same. Another military operation, mini-war, war. Once again the rough generals, again our correspondents reporting live from the scene, again the wondrous Israeli solidarityâ€”always stored up for just these wartime moments, again, the home-front residents displaying readiness, the reserve soldiers itching to join the battle, again Roni Daniel, Israeli televisionâ€™s broadcaster, delivers violence from the offices of the war cabinet direct to our TV screens, and once again our finest hour is repeated ad nauseam.
A day before the conclusion of Operation Cast Lead in 2009, an esteemed journalist spoke with a woman from Sderot who had been carefully selected to be a â€śrepresentativeâ€ť interviewee during the days of the battle. â€śSo, whatâ€™s your opinion: should it end now or would it be a grave mistake to stop at this point?â€ť asked the veteran reporter, couching the answer in her question. Without missing a beat, the impassioned woman replied: â€śWhy in the world stop now?â€ťâ€”even as the bodies in Gaza were piling up and the morgues had run out of space to house the dead. â€śHit them as hard as possible,â€ť she said. â€śDo not grovel before these animals. We must finish the job once and for all!â€ť â€śTell me,â€ť whispered the broadcaster, in a sultry voice, as though confiding some illicit secret, â€śI want to ask you something very personal. Is it true that you feel very, very Israeli right now?â€ť Thus did the veteran broadcaster, with the help of a â€śrepresentativeâ€ť intervieweeâ€”who always speaks in the name of all of usâ€”capture the essence of Israeliness: â€śJonathan/Jonathan,/a bit of blood,/just a bit more blood/to top off the honey.â€ť2
Thus, over the decades, politicians, generals, and their faithful mouthpieces in the media construct the paradigm of power and the demise of an alternative. Thus, over the decades, thousands of hours of orchestrated broadcasting construct a defensive shield of consciousness. So deep is this paradigm, and so monolithically aggressive the military discourse, that no Iron Dome could succeed in interrupting it. The veteran broadcaster doesnâ€™t ask, â€śWhy did we enter into this awful war to begin with?â€ť (or the previous war, or the one before that). She asks only, â€śWhy stop now?â€ť
How did we, as a society, lose the ability to formulate questions about the feasibility of a political alternative? How did it happen that a person who suggests a nonviolent solution is the delusional one, the traitor, and the one who calls for the leveling of Gaza is the true patriot? How did peace become the enemy of the people, and war always the preferred option? How did it happen that dialogue and treaties cause more public fear than a volley of missiles? And how did these dehumanizing processes seal us off from the suffering of others? How did we lose the capacity for empathy? What does it mean that a girl from Gazaâ€”whose school was bombed and her best friend was killed before her eyesâ€”has to remind us that they, too, are human beings? And how has a nation that has occupied other peopleâ€™s territory for forty-five years continued to tell itself, with such deep conviction, that we are the single and ultimate victim in this story? And the evil of the occupation has become so banal that no one sees the evil anymore.
For five years Kol Aher (the Other Voice) has carried out a dialogue with residents of Gaza. This has been a conscious effort to avoid being swept away by the floodwaters of hatred and dehumanization. It was a decision to see people, as opposed to bombs and missiles. It was a decision to preserve human sanity within a landscape of violence. It was a decision to include another narrativeâ€”precisely because it was so difficult to witness, with broken hearts, the destruction and trauma, the endless distress, experienced by our friends on the other side of the fence. This is why it was extremely difficult for us during the war, because we always experience this situation in multiple dimensions, not just the convenient division of â€śgoodâ€ť and â€śevil.â€ť
Yet Kol Aher is also a clear political call for negotiations, for dialogue with Hamasâ€”direct or indirectâ€”to lift the siege and blockade of Gaza, to open the border crossings, to establish security arrangements and international guarantees, to promote commerceâ€”taking into account the changes in the Arab worldâ€”and to slay the beast of occupation. It is an almost desperate attempt we makeâ€”here of all placesâ€”to raise another voice in a shrinking democracy, in which it is barely a footnote drowned out in the pervasive noise of media shouting with the intoxication of power and the ecstasy of war.
Pillar of Defense was not my war, Bibi. The despair, however, is completely mine. Private and profound, and draining and weakening. In view of past history, itâ€™s hard to be optimistic about the cease-fire negotiated under Egyptian auspices, which was announced on November 21. Twelve years of hopeless rounds of violence leave their marks. In the first years, there is still hope that things might be different in the future. Then there is only an illusion of hope. Then you are struck with the realization that violence is here to stay, and it will get worse with each escalation. That war is the most consistent and constant feature of our lives, almost a kind of ideal. That there arenâ€™t leaders now or on the horizon who are strong enough, who would have the mandate to address the most pressing questions. Soon enough there wonâ€™t be any need of questions; neither will there be anyone left who cares to ask them.
Life is hard when thereâ€™s nothing left to believe in. Itâ€™s hard in Sderot. Itâ€™s very hard in Gaza. There is a price to hopelessness, Bibi. A blocked horizon. Closed-off consciousness. Life without hope exacts a heavy mental price. We will continue to raise another voice in the dwindling light, as we wait anxiously for the next bloody round, in which weâ€™ll surely succeed at â€śfinishing the job,â€ť and do, as always, what we seem to do better than any other: â€śJonathan/Jonathan,/a bit of blood,/just a bit more blood/to top off the honey.â€ť
â€”Translated from the Hebrew by Avi Steinberg
April 11, 2018
March 27, 2018